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小学英语阅览了解五大常见题型(附解题技巧)!

    发布时间:2020-11-08 10:00:34  作者:acad2018  阅读:0

本文导读:   小学英语考试中,阅览了解一向是家长和孩子比照关怀的论题。

  在小学期间,阅览了解题型活络多样,但首要有五种题型,不一样的题型其实也是有不一样解题技巧...

  小学英语考试中,阅览了解一向是家长和孩子比照关怀的论题。

  在小学期间,阅览了解题型活络多样,但首要有五种题型,不一样的题型其实也是有不一样解题技巧的。

  一、读一读,然后选一选

  这种题型的特征是在短文后给出若十个不无缺的语句或若干个根据短文内容提出的疑问,关于每一题都供给三到四个备选的答案,需求同学们在正确了解短文内容的基础上,从选项中选出一个正确的答案。

  这类试题的疑问一般是紧扣短文内容编列的,既会触及文章中的细节内容,如文中呈现的人物、时刻、地址、作业的前因成果等;也会触及文章中某个词或某个语句的意义以及文章的主旨、粗心和标题等。

  The big day comes at last!

  Mrs Jones'third grade students are waiting quietly for her to come into the classroom. Today Amy brings some cakes, Joy brings some napkins, Carlos brings some soda water and Kate brings som

e cups. Everyone wants the party to he a surprise. Mrs Jones doesn't know the children have known today is her birthday. When she comes into the classroom, the children shout, “Happy birthday, Mrs Jones!”

  And then the children get a surprise,too. Mrs Jones brings everyone a party hat and an ice cream!

  阅览短文,选择最佳答案。

  1. Mrs Jones'grade students are waiting for her. A. three B.third C.No.3 D.the third

  2. Carlos brings some一. A. cola B.napkins C.soda water D.cups

  3. brings some cakes. A. Amy B.Carlos C.Joey D.Kate

  分析

  题1短文的第二句话告诉咱们是琼斯教师的三年级的学生们正静静地等候她的到来。在年级前面大约用序数词来标明,假定是在年级后边就大约用基数词标明。如:the third grade,=Grade Three.一起因为前面有定语Mrs Jones',所以这儿也大约不要the。

  题2.3 短文介绍了几个同学别离带了一些东西。卡洛斯带了soda water(汽水),艾米带了蛋糕。

  正确答案:1.B 2.C 3.A

  二、读一读,然后判别语句正误

  该题型的特征是在短文后给出若干个语句,需求同学们根据短文内容,判别所给的语句意思是不是与原文相符。做这类题大约联络短文内容进行发扬,首要是查询对意思附近或相反的几个语句进行辨别、判别,或是改换词语、语句规划来查验同种意思的不一样表达。

  There are some public numbers. Do you know when to use these numbers? 110 is a number for calling policeman when you have niet some illegal things. 119 is a number using for a fire accident. 120 is a number for asking medical help when somebody is serious ill or hurt. Please do not dial these numbers for fun. It is forbidden.

  阅览短文,判别正(T)误(F)。

  1. When you meet some thieves, you can call 110.

  2. Somebody is serious ill, you can call 119.

  3. There is a fire ac:cident in vour building, so you can call 119.

  4.A girl was hurt by a car, you can call 120.

  分析

  这篇短文是介绍几个常用电话号码的用法。读懂就会判别语句的正误了。

  题l 意思是当你遇到小偷的时分,你大约拔打110。110是遇到违法作业时的报警号码,所以判别它是正确的。

  题2意思是有人得了沉,你大约拔打119。1 19是发生火灾时的求救号码,所以判别它是差错的。

  题3意思是当你的房子发生了火灾,你大约拨打119。可以判别它是正确的

  题4意思是一个女孩被轿车撞了,你大约拔打120。120是恳求医疗急救的号码,大约先送她去医院+,所以可以判别它是正确的。

  正确答案:1.T 2.F 3.T 4.T

  三、读一读,然后答复疑问

  这种题型需求根据所提的疑问写出无缺、正确的语句。这样的标题听起来如同很难,其实真实做起来却很简略。

  答复疑问时,语句越简略越好,答案应简练明晰,能用一个词,就不必两个词,只需能阐明疑问就行。

  There are seven days in a week. They are Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Sunday is the first day of the week. Saturday and Sunday are the weekend. Usually, we have a rest>阅览短文,然后根据短文内容答复疑问。

  1. How many days are there in a week?

  2.What are they?

  3. What is the first day of the week?

  4.What is the weekend?

  5. When do we usually go to school?

  分析

  题1 问一周有几天。用一个seven就可以答复了。

  题2问别离是哪几天。短文第二句现已给咱们答案了。

  题3记住一周的第一天是星期天而不是星期一。

  题4周末是星期六和星期天。

  题5 问咱们一般啥时分上学。大约是作业日了。

  正确答案:

  1.There are seven.

  2.They are Sunday, Monday, Tuesclay, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday.

  3.Sunday.

  4.Saturday and Sunday.

  5.During weekdays.

  四、读一读,然后根据短文内容填空

  该题型的特征是在短文后给出一篇经过改写或缩写后与原短辞意思相同的短文或几个语句,在短文或语句中均留有若干个空格,需求同学们在每一个空格处填上一个词,使短文或语句所表达的意思与原短文的内容共同。

  The English people like take-away food. The most popular food is fish and chips. They usually go to a fish and chips shop. They put the food in paper bags, and take it home, or to their work place. At lunch time, many people eat takeaway food in thepark. Chinese take-away food is also very popular in England. People in the USA and Australia like Chinese take-away food, too. But the most popular food in the USA is fried chicken.

  阅览短文,然后填空。

  1. The most popular food in England is___.

  2. They put the food in____ ,and take it home, or to their work place.

  3. At lunch time, many people eat______food in the park.

  4. Chinese take-away food is also very_ in England.

  5. The most popular food in the USA is___一.

  分析

  题l 第二句话告诉咱们最受英国人等待的食物是鱼和薯片。

  题2第四句话告诉咱们他们把食物装进纸袋里,然后带回家或作业的当地。

  题3短文还告诉咱们在午饭的时分,许多人喜爱在公园里吃可带着食物。

  题4第二段告诉咱们我国的可带着食物在英国也很受等待。题5最终一句话告诉咱们在美国,最受等待的食物是炸鸡。

  正确答案:1.fish and chips 2.paper bags 3.take-away4.popular 5.fried chiken

  五、读一读,然后画一画

  该题型需求同学们先读懂短文,然后根据短文内容画与短文内容有关的。要留心短文中说到的一些东西要在画中体现出来。

  Aunt Mary is coming, but Tom's mother is too busy to pick her up. So she asks Tom to pick aunt Mary up. But Tom did not meet her for a long time. So his mother asks Tom to find as following: She is at the bus station. She is a tall woman with long blac:k hair. She is wearing a green dress, a brown hat and a pair of boots. She is holding a handbag. Can Tom find her'

  l 根据汤姆的母亲的描绘给玛丽阿姨画一幅画,以便汤姆更简略找到她。

  分析

  短文的第二段告诉咱们玛丽阿姨的肖像特征是:a tall woman with long black hair(长长的黑头发的高个子的妇女),wearing a green dress,a brown hat and a pair of boots(穿戴一件绿色的裙子,头戴一顶棕色的帽子,脚穿一 双靴子),holding a handbag(拿着一个手提包)。

  读懂了这些,就不难画出 这幅画了。可不要忘掉了涂色哦!

  总之,英语阅览了解的解题技巧可以归纳为以下几点:

  1.假定文章很长,标题很少,咱们可以采纳略读的办法先简略读一遍,然后带着疑问去查阅,这样信赖你必定能找到答案。

  2.假定文章很短,而标题义许多的话,咱们则大约先细心阅览短文,再去做题。遇到想不起来的,可以带着该疑问去查阅有关细节。

  3.假定疑问需求答复数字、人名、地名、时刻等,可以直接用查阅的办法来寻求答案,也可以先略读然后再查阅。

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